什麼是京町家?

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京町家(日語:きょうまちや、きょうちょうか)是一種主要位於日本京都的職住一體型的住宅樣式。京町家多為兩層,有時也有三層的京町家。其寬度較窄但長度較長,因此又被稱為「鰻魚的寢床」。根據京都市的定義,「在1950年以前按照傳統的木造軸組構法修建的木造家屋」才可稱為京町家。大多數京町家都在1864年禁門之變的火災之後修建。由於居民的高齡化以及改建為公寓較有經濟效益等原因,京町家的數量在戰後不斷減少。2010年8月,據京都市在全市進行的調查,京都市內共有47,735處京町家,其中10.5%無人居住。然而在近年也有重新評估京町家的建築價值,並且修建仿照京町家的現代民宅的風潮。

Kyomachi homes (Japanese: きょうまちや, きょうちょうか) are a type of residential architecture in Kyoto Japan that combines work and residence in one. A Kyomachi home consists of two stories at most; sometimes, there are three-story Kyomachi homes, too. With a narrow width yet longer length, they are also nicknamed as the “eel bed.” As is defined in Kyoto, only “wooden homes repaired or built applying the traditional wooden frame construction approach before 1950” may be referred to as Kyomachi homes. Most Kyomachi homes were repaired and built after the fire in Hamaguri rebellion of 1864. As people become older and older and in light of the economic benefits brought about by changing them into apartment complexes, the number of Kyomachi homes have been reducing after the war. As of August 2010, according to a city-wide survey conducted in Kyoto, there were a total of 47,735 Kyomachi homes throughout Kyoto; among t hem 10.5% were vacant. In recent years, however, the architectural value of Kyomachi homes was re-evaluated and the fad to repair and rebuild modern homes resembling the Kyomachi style emerged.